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On 1 April 1899, the city was separated from the district, becoming an independent city.
Following the Silesian Uprisings of 1918–21 Katowice became part of the Second Polish Republic with some autonomy for the Silesian Parliament as a constituency and the Silesian Voivodeship Council as the executive body).
and the center of the Silesian Metropolis, with a population of 2.2 million.
Throughout the mid-18th century, Katowice had developed into a village upon the discovery of rich coal reserves in the area.
Previously part of the Beuthen district, in 1873 it became the capital of the new Kattowitz district.Katowice at the time was fiercely defended by an insignificant army mostly compiled of Polish scouts and volunteers.Under the Nazi occupation many of the city's historical and iconic monuments were destroyed, most notably the Great Katowice Synagogue, which was burned to the ground on 4 September 1939.After the plebiscite many former German citizens emigrated, however a vibrant German community remained until the end of World War II.In 1939, after the Wehrmacht seized the town, Katowice and the provinces were incorporated into the Third Reich.